REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF CULTURE AND TOURISM BURSA PROVINCIAL DIRECTORATE OF CULTURE AND TOURISM

The Enamelled Walltiles of Bursa

The Enamelled Walltiles of Bursa

During the early Ottoman period, wall tiles of excellent quality were enamelled; they were produced by means of a variet of techniques that have been used in a number of historic buildings in Bursa. We encounter the finest examples in the Green Mosque (Yeşil Cami), Madrasa and Shrine (1421-22) and in the Muradiye complex of shrines. These structures are adorned with monochrome glazed tiles, enamelled tile mosaic, coloured ghzed tiles (Cuerda Seca) and a variety of tiles produced with the underglaze technique. The enamelled tiles of Bursa are superior even to those of renowned centres as İznik, Kütahya and Edirne in terms of variety and richness of design.

The Bursa wall tiles that endowed its architecture with so much colour and movement were made in İznik, Kütahya and Bursa. However as excavations have yielded insufficient proof regarding enamelled tile production in Bursa, it is not possible to reach a definite conclusion. The technique, colour and design features of Bursa enamelled tiles served as an example for those that were later produced in İstanbul and Edirne.