İznik is such a historical and an ancient city that onc may characterize it is an open air museum. Its fertile lands, indigenous climate, and natural beauty lead it to be an attraction çenter in all the periods of history. It is understood from prehistoric remnants and the tumuluses in many numbers in the area that İznik was a settlement area in the prehistoric ages. İznik was established with a name “ Antigonia” and was named “Nikaia, Nicaca and İznik” respcctively afterwards. İznik which is the first capital in Anatolia was conquered by Sultan Orhan Bey in 1331 and taken under Turkish sovereignity after an interval of 234 years. The city was entirely reconstructed during the period of Murad II and Çandarlılar and many mosques, madrasah, khans, baths were built within this period. İznik is at the sarne time an important lodging çenter with its location over the cruise and caravan route from İstanbul to Anatolia. Remnants from .rn_£y many civilizations which reflect the military, political, religious, social and cultural life styles of the past are brought to our agc by the historical
İznik is a city blcnded with the renmants of Roman, Byzantium, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations. Hvpoge, Murad I, Murad II Baths, (Hacı Hamza) İsmail Bey and Meydan Bath, Süleyman Pasha Madrasah, Beştaş Mausolcum (Obelisk), Rüstcm Pasha Khan, Dört tepeler Tumulus, Sansarak Canyon, Çandarlı Hayrettin Pasha, Abdullah Vahap Sancaktari and Kırgızlar Dome are among the places worth to see.
İznik is established in South Marmara, on the eastern shore of the lake, which carries its name, is 85 km. far from Bursa. Outskirts of Iznik, which is established in primeval era, is surrounded by unprecedented city walls that are 5 km of length are preserved with care, that are the remains from the Roman period. Iznik was an important religious and political center during the Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods. The architecture of the city developed in parallel to this mosaic and these magnificent historical assets have reached until today.1st and 7th Council of Christianity gathered here and important decisions were taken. Its history reaching from the primeval era until today, the first Turkish capital of Anatolia; made its actual reputation in the Ottoman period with mastering in tile-making. Iznik-Tiles are taking their place as the rarest works in many museums around the world today.
Iznik is a center of touristic attraction with many valuable historical assets that are worth seeing, such as Lefke and Istanbul Gates, the Theater, Stone Bridge and Beştaş Monument, Hagia Sophia Church, Hypoge Catacombs, Böcek Ayazması (Holy Insect Spring) and the Aqueducts, Rüstem Paşa Han and the Green Mosque with its famous ceramic tile works and it is in fact an “Open Air Museum”. The county offers spectacular natural beauties with its monumental trees, green nature, İznik Lake and Sansarak Canyon. Transport to the county is provided through Ankara Road – Yenişehir and Istanbul Road–Orhangazi.